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    Armenia Geography 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/armenia/armenia_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey

      Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N, 45 00 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      Area:
      total: 29,800 sq km
      land: 28,400 sq km
      water: 1,400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,254 km
      border countries: Azerbaijan-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

      Terrain: Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Debed River 400 m
      highest point: Aragats Lerr 4,095 m

      Natural resources: small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina

      Land use:
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 24%
      forests and woodland: 15%
      other: 41% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 2,870 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts

      Environment - current issues: soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; energy blockade, the result of conflict with Azerbaijan, has led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant without adequate (IAEA-recommended) safety and backup systems

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note: landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Armenia on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Armenia Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Armenia Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/armenia/armenia_geography.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01