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    Bahrain Government 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/bahrain/bahrain_government.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: State of Bahrain
      conventional short form: Bahrain
      local long form: Dawlat al Bahrayn
      local short form: Al Bahrayn
      former: Dilmun

      Government type: constitutional monarchy

      Capital: Manama

      Administrative divisions: 12 municipalities (manatiq, singular - mintaqah); Al Hadd, Al Manamah, Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al Wusta, Al Mintaqah ash Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa' wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Jidd Hafs, Madinat Hamad, Madinat 'Isa, Juzur Hawar, Sitrah
      note: all municipalities administered from Manama

      Independence: 15 August 1971 (from UK)

      National holiday: National Day, 16 December (1971); note - 15 August 1971 is the date of independence from the UK, 16 December 1971 is the date of independence from British protection

      Constitution: adopted late December 2000 (new constitution calls for a partially elected legislature, a constitutional monarchy, and an independent judiciary)

      Legal system: based on Islamic law and English common law

      Suffrage: none

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Isa Al Khalifa (since 6 March 1999); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SALMAN bin Hamad (son of the monarch, born 21 October 1969)
      head of government: Prime Minister KHALIFA bin Salman Al Khalifa (since NA 1971)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch

      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly was dissolved 26 August 1975 and legislative powers were assumed by the Cabinet; appointed Advisory Council established 16 December 1992; the National Action Charter created a bicameral legislature on 23 December 2000; approved by referendum of 14 February 2001

      Judicial branch: High Civil Appeals Court

      Political parties and leaders: political parties prohibited

      Political pressure groups and leaders: Shi'a activists fomented unrest sporadically 1994-97, demanding the return of an elected National Assembly and an end to unemployment; several small, clandestine leftist and Islamic fundamentalist groups are active

      International organization participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
      chancery: 3502 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 342-0741
      FAX: [1] (202) 362-2192
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Johnny YOUNG
      embassy: #979, Road 3119 (next to Al-Ahli Sports Club), Block 321, Zinj District, Manama
      mailing address: American Embassy Manama, PSC 451, FPO AE 09834-5100; international mail: American Embassy, Box 26431, Manama
      telephone: [973] 273-300
      FAX: [973] 272-594

      Flag description: red with a white serrated band (eight white points) on the hoist side

      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bahrain Government 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Government 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01