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    Bhutan Government 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/bhutan/bhutan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Kingdom of Bhutan
      conventional short form: Bhutan

      Government type: monarchy; special treaty relationship with India

      Capital: Thimphu

      Administrative divisions: 18 districts (dzongkhag, singular and plural); Bumthang, Chhukha, Chirang, Daga, Geylegphug, Ha, Lhuntshi, Mongar, Paro, Pemagatsel, Punakha, Samchi, Samdrup Jongkhar, Shemgang, Tashigang, Thimphu, Tongsa, Wangdi Phodrang
      note: there may be two new districts named Gasa and Yangtse

      Independence: 8 August 1949 (from India)

      National holiday: National Day (Ugyen WANGCHUCK became first hereditary king), 17 December (1907)

      Constitution: no written constitution or bill of rights; note - Bhutan uses 1953 Royal decree for the Constitution of the National Assembly; on 7 July 1998, a Royal edict was ratified giving the National Assembly additional powers

      Legal system: based on Indian law and English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage: each family has one vote in village-level elections

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK (since 24 July 1972)
      head of government: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Sangay NGEDUP (since NA 1999)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers (Lhengye Shungtsog) nominated by the monarch, approved by the National Assembly; members serve fixed, five-year terms; note - there is also a Royal Advisory Council (Lodoi Tsokde), members nominated by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary, but democratic reforms in July 1998 give the National Assembly authority to remove the monarch with two-thirds vote

      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Tshogdu (150 seats; 105 elected from village constituencies, 10 represent religious bodies, and 35 are designated by the monarch to represent government and other secular interests; members serve three-year terms)
      elections: last held NA (next to be held NA)
      election results: NA

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Appeal (the monarch); High Court (judges appointed by the monarch)

      Political parties and leaders: no legal parties

      Political pressure groups and leaders: Buddhist clergy; ethnic Nepalese organizations leading militant antigovernment campaign; Indian merchant community; United Front for Democracy (exiled)

      International organization participation: AsDB, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IMF, Intelsat, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OPCW, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US: none; note - Bhutan has a Permanent Mission to the UN; address: 2 United Nations Plaza, 27th Floor, New York, NY 10017; telephone [1] (212) 826-1919; the Bhutanese mission to the UN has consular jurisdiction in the US
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US: the US and Bhutan have no formal diplomatic relations, although informal contact is maintained between the Bhutanese and US Embassy in New Delhi (India)

      Flag description: divided diagonally from the lower hoist side corner; the upper triangle is yellow and the lower triangle is orange; centered along the dividing line is a large black and white dragon facing away from the hoist side

      NOTE: The information regarding Bhutan on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bhutan Government 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bhutan Government 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01