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    Congo, Democratic Republic of the Economy 2001

      Economy - overview: The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast potential wealth - has declined drastically since the mid-1980s. The new government instituted a tight fiscal policy that initially curbed inflation and currency depreciation, but these small gains were quickly reversed when the foreign-backed rebellion in the eastern part of the country began in August 1998. The war has dramatically reduced national output and government revenue and has increased external debt. Foreign businesses have curtailed operations due to uncertainty about the outcome of the conflict and because of increased government harassment and restrictions. The war has intensified the impact of such basic problems as an uncertain legal framework, corruption, raging inflation, and lack of openness in government economic policy and financial operations. A number of IMF and World Bank missions have met with the government to help it develop a coherent economic plan but associated reforms are on hold.

      GDP: purchasing power parity - $31 billion (2000 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate: -15% (2000 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $600 (2000 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 58%
      industry: 17%
      services: 25% (1997 est.)

      Population below poverty line: NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 540% (2000 est.)

      Labor force: 14.51 million (1993 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 65%, industry 16%, services 19% (1991 est.)

      Unemployment rate: NA%

      revenues: $269 million
      expenditures: $244 million, including capital expenditures of $24 million (1996 est.)

      Industries: mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricity - production: 5.268 billion kWh (1999)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 2.05%
      hydro: 97.95%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1999)

      Electricity - consumption: 4.55 billion kWh (1999)

      Electricity - exports: 404 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - imports: 55 million kWh (1999)

      Agriculture - products: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products

      Exports: $960 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)

      Exports - commodities: diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, crude oil

      Exports - partners: Benelux 62%, US 18%, South Africa, Finland, Italy (1999)

      Imports: $660 million (c.i.f., 2000 est.)

      Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels

      Imports - partners: South Africa 28%, Benelux 14%, Nigeria 9%, Kenya 7%, China (1999)

      Debt - external: $13 billion (1998 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient: $195.3 million (1995)

      Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)

      Currency code: CDF

      Exchange rates: Congolese francs per US dollar - 50 (January 2001), 4.5 (January 2000), 4.02 (1999), 1.61 (1998), 1.31 (1997), 0.50 (1996)
      note: on 30 June 1998 the Congolese franc was introduced, replacing the new zaire

      Fiscal year: calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Congo, Democratic Republic of the on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Economy 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Congo, Democratic Republic of the Economy 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)