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    Congo, Democratic Republic of the Government 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/congo_democratic_republic_of_the/congo_democratic_republic_of_the_government.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Democratic Republic of the Congo
      conventional short form: none
      local long form: Republique Democratique du Congo
      local short form: none
      former: Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo/Leopoldville, Congo/Kinshasa, Zaire
      abbreviation: DROC

      Government type: dictatorship; presumably undergoing a transition to representative government

      Capital: Kinshasa

      Administrative divisions: 10 provinces (provinces, singular - province) and one city* (ville); Bandundu, Bas-Congo, Equateur, Kasai-Occidental, Kasai-Oriental, Katanga, Kinshasa*, Maniema, Nord-Kivu, Orientale, Sud-Kivu

      Independence: 30 June 1960 (from Belgium)

      National holiday: Independence Day, 30 June (1960)

      Constitution: 24 June 1967, amended August 1974, revised 15 February 1978, amended April 1990; transitional constitution promulgated in April 1994; in November 1998, a draft constitution was approved by former President Laurent KABILA but it has not been ratified by a national referendum

      Legal system: based on Belgian civil law system and tribal law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Joseph KABILA (since 26 January 2001); note - the president succeeded his father Laurent Desire KABILA after his assassination on 16 January 2001; as president he is both chief of state and head of government
      head of government: Joseph KABILA (since 26 January 2001); note - the president succeeded his father Laurent Desire KABILA after his assassination on 16 January 2001; as president he is both chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: National Executive Council, appointed by the president
      elections: before Laurent Desire KABILA seized power, the president was elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 29 July 1984 (next was scheduled to be held in May 1997); formerly, the prime minister was elected by the High Council of the Republic; note - elections were not held in 1991 as called for by the constitution
      election results: results of the last election were: MOBUTU Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga reelected president in 1984 without opposition
      note: Marshal MOBUTU Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga was president from 24 November 1965 until forced into exile on 16 May 1997 when his government was overthrown militarily by Laurent Desire KABILA, who immediately assumed governing authority; KABILA pledged to hold elections by April 1999, but in December 1998 announced that elections would be postponed until all foreign military forces attempting to topple the government had withdrawn from the country; KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and was succeeded by his son Joseph KABILA

      Legislative branch: a 300-member Transitional Constituent Assembly established in August 2000
      elections: NA; members of the Transitional Constituent Assembly were appointed by former President KABILA

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme

      Political parties and leaders: Democratic Social Christian Party or PDSC [Andre BO-BOLIKO]; Popular Movement of the Revolution or MPR [leader NA]; Unified Lumumbast Party or PALU [Antoine GIZENGA]; Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Etienne TSHISEKEDI wa Mulumba]; Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans or UFERI [Kouyoumba MUCHULI Mulembe]

      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA

      International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Faida MITIFU
      chancery: 1800 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-7690, 7691
      FAX: [1] (202) 234-2609

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador William Lacy SWING
      embassy: 310 Avenue des Aviateurs, Kinshasa
      mailing address: Unit 31550, APO AE 09828
      telephone: [243] (12) 21804, 21807
      FAX: [243] (88) 43805

      Flag description: light blue with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center and a columnar arrangement of six small yellow five-pointed stars along the hoist side

      NOTE: The information regarding Congo, Democratic Republic of the on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Government 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Congo, Democratic Republic of the Government 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01