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    Hungary Geography 2001

      Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania

      Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      total: 93,030 sq km
      land: 92,340 sq km
      water: 690 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,009 km
      border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Yugoslavia 151 km, Slovakia 515 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

      Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
      highest point: Kekes 1,014 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 51%
      permanent crops: 3.6%
      permanent pastures: 12.4%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 14% (1999)

      Irrigated land: 2,060 sq km (1993 est.)

      Environment - current issues: the approximation of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution with environmental requirements for EU accession will require large investments

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin

      NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)