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    Indonesia Geography 2001

      Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

      Geographic coordinates: 5 00 S, 120 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 1,919,440 sq km
      land: 1,826,440 sq km
      water: 93,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,602 km
      border countries: Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

      Coastline: 54,716 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

      Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 7%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 62%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 45,970 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas; smoke and haze from forest fires

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: archipelago of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited); straddles Equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Indonesia on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Indonesia Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Indonesia Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)