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    Kiribati Economy 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/kiribati/kiribati_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few national resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. The financial sector is at an early stage of development as is the expansion of private sector initiatives. Foreign financial aid, largely from the UK and Japan, is a critical supplement to GDP, equal to 25%-50% of GDP in recent years. Remittances from workers abroad account for more than $5 million each year. Performance in 2000 fell short of the 2.5% growth in 1999, which benefited from increased copra production and exceptionally large revenues from fishing licenses.

      GDP: purchasing power parity - $76 million (2000 est.), supplemented by a nearly equal amount from external sources

      GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2000 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $850 (2000 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 14%
      industry: 7%
      services: 79% (1996 est.)

      Population below poverty line: NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (1999 est.)

      Labor force: 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.)

      Unemployment rate: 2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $33.3 million
      expenditures: $47.7 million, including capital expenditures of $NA million (1996 est.)

      Industries: fishing, handicrafts

      Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (1992 est.)

      Electricity - production: 7 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1999)

      Electricity - consumption: 6.5 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)

      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1999)

      Agriculture - products: copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish

      Exports: $6 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Exports - commodities: copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish

      Exports - partners: Bangladesh, Australia, US, Hong Kong (1999)

      Imports: $44 million (c.i.f., 1999)

      Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel

      Imports - partners: Australia, Fiji, Japan, NZ, China (1999)

      Debt - external: $10 million (1999 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient: $15.5 million (1995), largely from UK and Japan

      Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)

      Currency code: AUD

      Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.7995 (January 2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997), 1.2773 (1996)

      Fiscal year: NA

      NOTE: The information regarding Kiribati on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kiribati Economy 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kiribati Economy 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01