Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries
  • |2001 INDEX|
  • 2000 INDEX
  • 1999 INDEX
  • 1998 INDEX
  • 1996 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Madagascar Economy 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/madagascar/madagascar_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Madagascar faces problems of chronic malnutrition, underfunded health and education facilities, a roughly 3% annual population growth rate, and severe loss of forest cover, accompanied by erosion. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is the mainstay of the economy, accounting for 30% of GDP and contributing more than 70% to export earnings. Industry features textile manufacturing and the processing of agricultural products. Growth in output in 1992-97 averaged less than the growth rate of the population. Growth has been held back by antigovernment strikes and demonstrations, a decline in world coffee prices, and the erratic commitment of the government to economic reform. The extent of government reforms, outside financial aid, and foreign investment will be key determinants of future growth. For 2001, growth should again be about 5%.

      GDP: purchasing power parity - $12.3 billion (2000 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate: 4.8% (2000 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $800 (2000 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 30%
      industry: 14%
      services: 56% (1999 est.)

      Population below poverty line: 70% (1994 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 1.9%
      highest 10%: 36.7% (1993)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10% (1999 est.)

      Labor force: 7 million (1999)

      Unemployment rate: NA%

      Budget:
      revenues: $553 million
      expenditures: $735 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)

      Industries: meat processing, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism

      Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production: 810 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 37.04%
      hydro: 62.96%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1999)

      Electricity - consumption: 753.3 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)

      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1999)

      Agriculture - products: coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products

      Exports: $538 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Exports - commodities: coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar; cotton cloth, chromite, petroleum products

      Exports - partners: France 41%, US 19%, Germany 13%, UK 8%, Japan 6% (1999)

      Imports: $693 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Imports - commodities: intermediate manufactures, capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food

      Imports - partners: France 34%, Hong Kong 6%, China 6%, Japan 5%, Singapore 4% (1999)

      Debt - external: $4.4 billion (1999)

      Economic aid - recipient: $838 million (1997)

      Currency: Malagasy franc (MGF)

      Currency code: MGF

      Exchange rates: Malagasy francs per US dollar - 6,656.3 (November 2000), 6,283.8 (1999), 5,441.4 (1998), 5,090.9 (1997), 4,061.3 (1996)

      Fiscal year: calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Madagascar on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Madagascar Economy 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Madagascar Economy 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -



    Custom Search

    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/madagascar/madagascar_economy.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01