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    Malta Geography 2001

    https://photius.com/wfb2001/malta/malta_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

      Geographic coordinates: 35 50 N, 14 35 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area:
      total: 316 sq km
      land: 316 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 25 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

      Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

      Natural resources: limestone, salt, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 32%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 61% (2000 est.)

      Irrigated land: 11.45 sq km (2000 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

      NOTE: The information regarding Malta on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malta Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malta Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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