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    Mauritius Geography 2001

      Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

      Geographic coordinates: 20 17 S, 57 33 E

      Map references: World

      total: 1,860 sq km
      land: 1,850 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

      Area - comparative: almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 177 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

      Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Piton 828 m

      Natural resources: arable land, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 49%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 3%
      forests and woodland: 22%
      other: 23% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 170 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

      Environment - current issues: water pollution, degradation of coral reefs

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      NOTE: The information regarding Mauritius on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritius Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritius Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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