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    Mongolia Government 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/mongolia/mongolia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Mongolia
      local long form: none
      local short form: Mongol Uls
      former: Outer Mongolia

      Government type: parliamentary

      Capital: Ulaanbaatar

      Administrative divisions: 18 provinces (aymguud, singular - aymag) and 3 municipalities* (hotuud, singular - hot); Arhangay, Bayanhongor, Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Darhan*, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Dzavhan, Erdenet*, Govi-Altay, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol, Omnogovi, Ovorhangay, Selenge, Suhbaatar, Tov, Ulaanbaatar*, Uvs
      note: there may be a new province named Gobi-Sumber; further, there may now be 21 provinces and 1 capital city instead of 18 provinces and 3 municipalities

      Independence: 11 July 1921 (from China)

      National holiday: Independence Day/Revolution Day, 11 July (1921)

      Constitution: 12 February 1992

      Legal system: blend of Russian, Chinese, Turkish, and Western systems of law that combines aspects of a parliamentary system with some aspects of a presidential system; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Natsagiyn BAGABANDI (since 20 June 1997)
      head of government: Prime Minister Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR (since 26 July 2000)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the State Great Hural in consultation with the president
      elections: president nominated by parties in the State Great Hural and elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 20 May 2001 (next to be held NA May 2005); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by the State Great Hural; election last held 2 July 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)
      election results: Natsagiyn BAGABANDI reelected president; percent of vote - NA%; Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR elected prime minister by a vote in the State Great Hural of 68 to 3

      Legislative branch: unicameral State Great Hural (76 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 2 July 2000 (next to be held NA July 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - MPRP 72, other 4

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court (serves as appeals court for people's and provincial courts, but rarely overturns verdicts of lower courts; judges are nominated by the General Council of Courts for approval by the president)

      Political parties and leaders: Citizens' Will Party or CWP (also called Civil Will Party) [Sanjaasurengyn OYUN]; Democratic Party or DP [D. DORLIGAN]; Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party or MPRP [Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR]; Mongolian Democratic New Socialist Party or MDNSP [B. ERDENEBAT]; Mongolian Republican Party or MRP [B. JARGALSAIHAN]
      note: the MPRP is the ruling party

      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA

      International organization participation: ARF (dialogue partner), AsDB, ASEAN (observer), CCC, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Jalbuugiyn CHOINHOR
      chancery: 2833 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20007
      telephone: [1] (202) 333-7117
      FAX: [1] (202) 298-9227
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador John DINGER
      embassy: inner north side of the Big Ring, just west of the Selbe Gol, Ulaanbaatar
      mailing address: United States Embassy in Mongolia, P. O. Box 1021, Ulaanbaatar 13; PSC 461, Box 300, FPO AP 96521-0002
      telephone: [976] (11) 329095
      FAX: [976] (11) 320776

      Flag description: three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol)

      NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Government 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Government 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01