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    Tunisia Geography 2001

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

      Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 163,610 sq km
      land: 155,360 sq km
      water: 8,250 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,424 km
      border countries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

      Coastline: 1,148 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

      Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
      highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

      Land use:
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 13%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 44% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 3,850 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

      NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tunisia Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)