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    Uruguay Geography 2001

      Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil

      Geographic coordinates: 33 00 S, 56 00 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 176,220 sq km
      land: 173,620 sq km
      water: 2,600 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the state of Washington

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,564 km
      border countries: Argentina 579 km, Brazil 985 km

      Coastline: 660 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

      Terrain: mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m

      Natural resources: arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 77%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 10% (1997 est.)

      Irrigated land: 7,700 sq km (1997 est.)

      Natural hazards: seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes in weather fronts

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban

      NOTE: The information regarding Uruguay on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uruguay Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uruguay Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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