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Turkmenistan Introduction 2010
http://www.workmall.com/wfb2010/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_introduction.html
SOURCE: 2010 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES

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Page last updated on January 15, 2010

Background:
Eastern Turkmenistan for centuries formed part of the Persian province of Khurasan; in medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves could prove a boon to this underdeveloped country if extraction and delivery projects were to be expanded. The Turkmenistan Government is actively developing alternative petroleum transportation routes to break Russia's pipeline monopoly. President for Life Saparmurat NYYAZOW died in December 2006, and Turkmenistan held its first multi-candidate presidential electoral process in February 2007. Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW, a vice premier under NYYAZOW, emerged as the country's new president.


NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2010 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Introduction 2010 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Introduction 2010 should be addressed to the CIA.



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