Dominican Republic Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Dominican Republic Geography 2001

      Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

      Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 70 40 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 48,730 sq km
      land: 48,380 sq km
      water: 350 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

      Land boundaries:
      total: 275 km
      border countries: Haiti 275 km

      Coastline: 1,288 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 6 NM

      Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

      Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
      highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

      Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures: 43%
      forests and woodland: 12%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 2,300 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)

      NOTE: The information regarding Dominican Republic on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominican Republic Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominican Republic Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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