Vietnam Introduction 2001https://photius.com/wfb2001/vietnam/vietnam_introduction.html
SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
France occupied all of Vietnam by 1884. Independence was declared after World War II, but the French continued to rule until 1954 when they were defeated by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH, who took control of the north. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later North Vietnamese forces overran the south. Economic reconstruction of the reunited country has proven difficult as aging Communist Party leaders have only grudgingly initiated reforms necessary for a free market.
NOTE: The information regarding Vietnam on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vietnam Introduction 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vietnam Introduction 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.